ehem. 374 als ST-ZZZ
März 2007, (c) AI
Dresden-Klotzsche (DRS/ETDN), Februar 19982
Luftstreitkräfte NVA, TS-24
|temp.registriert als DDR-SBF|
|An-26T||374||Luftstreitkräfte NVA, TS-24|
|An-26T||RA-49266||Privater Nutzer in Russland|
|An-26T||ST-ZZZ||Sudan Air Force||zerstört 07.August 2006 El Fasher Airport|
Es gibt widersprüchliche Aussagen über die Zerstörung der ST-ZZZ. Ebenso ist nicht klar, warum und in welchen Zeitraum auch die ehemalige 371 den sudanesischen Air Force Kenner ST-ZZZ getragen hat. Zum besseren Verstehen siehe die Berichte und Fotos von Amnesty International und
United Nations Security Council S/2007/584.
|Datum:||07 AUG 2006|
|Fluggesellschaft:||Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya As-Sudaniya? (Sudanese Air Force)|
|Besatzung:||Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen:|
|Fluggäste:||Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen:|
|Gesamt:||Todesopfer: 0 / Insassen:|
|Konsequenzen:||Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Unfallort:||El Fasher Airport (ELF/HSFS) [ST] (Sudan)|
|Flug von:||El Fasher Airport (ELF/HSFS), Sudan|
The Antonov crash-landed at El Fasher (ELF), coming to rest near the runway 05 threshold. The nr.1 engine was destroyed.
The rebel National Redemption Front (NRF) claimed it had shot down the airplane near Sayah, but this was apparently not the case since the El Fasher Airport was closed briefly and the Antonov was seen damaged next to the runway that same day.
» Darfur rebels say that they shot down govt warplane
(Sudan Tribune 7-8-2006)
Ist das die ehemalige AN-26 "374" , MSN:10407, vor ihrer Zerstörung in AL Fasher/Sudan?
|El Fasher Airport on 7
August 2006, copyright AI
||El Fasher Airport on
7 August 2006, copyright AI
(fig.21) AN-26 (SAF registration No. 7705) at
El Fasher - auf der Abstellplatte ist eine AN-26 zu sehen. Im oberen Teil der Abbildung sieht man eine zerstörte AN-26. Ist das die ehemalige 374, die ST-ZZZ ?
Quelle: Google Earth
Deim Bishara village in Southern Darfur was attacked during late December 2006 by Arab militia ground forces that were supported by aerial bombardments from an Antonov aircraft. AU investigators confirmed that, apart from some combatants killed, 16 civilians were injured in the attacks. On 5 and 6 December, Government aircraft bombarded Shagbuba with ground support from armed militia and killed five civilians.(51)
Sudanese authorities disguising military aircraft in Darfur
In their previous reports the UN Panel of Experts expressed concern about the use of white aircraft by the Government of Sudan.(52) The Government of Sudan has stated that “it does not have any white fixed-wing aircraft and that all its aircraft bear logos or emblems… however, the Government did admit to using white helicopters for the transport of officials and tribal leaders attending reconciliation meetings, but not for any military purposes.”53 The UN Panel of experts reported to have documentary evidence of the existence of such aircraft, one aircraft an Antonov-26 with military registration number 7705 (additional marking: -26563) and another Antonov-26 bearing registration number ST-ZZZ54. The Panel concluded in its October 2006
report that the Government of the Sudan “is in possession of white aircraft but gave false and misleading information to the United Nations” 55 and “continues to use unmarked white fixed-wing aircraft for aerial reconnaissance missions and hostile or offensive military overflights.”56
52See for instance S/2006/795: §205 – 213. According to article 24 subsection 266 (i) of the Darfur
Peace Agreement, it is prohibited by the parties “to disguise its equipment, personnel or activities as
those of AMIS, United Nations agencies, the International Committee of the Red Cross/Red Crescent
or any other similar organization”.
Quelle: Amnesty International
"Use of white aircraft by the Government of the Sudan
200. The Panel has observed and recorded in Darfur the use of white aircraft (fixedand rotary-wing) by the Government of the Sudan. The Panel has attempted to track two white Antonov aircraft being used for military purposes by the Government of the Sudan in Darfur, as well as white helicopters. The first of these aircraft is identified as an SAF aircraft bearing the registration number 7705. A second white Antonov aircraft, operated by SAF in Darfur, bears the registration number ST-ZZZ. SAF aircraft registration 7705 and use of white aircraft with “UN” markings by the Government of the Sudan
201. The Panel observed a white AN-26 aircraft parked on the military apron at El Fasher Airport on 7 March 2007, next to what is believed, on the basis of
photographic and expert analysis and comparison to field evidence from earlier bombings, to be rows of bombs guarded by SAF soldiers (see fig. 20). This aircraft had “UN” markings on the upper aspect of its port (left) wing. The use of white aircraft bearing “UN” markings in Darfur by the Government of the Sudan was reported to the Committee in a dedicated case report on 10 March 2007 (reference: 1591P/M4-3/0307). The aircraft also had the numbers 26563 on its fuselage. The number 26563, with the country prefix deleted, is confirmed through correspondence as having originated in the Russian Federation. The number 7705 on the forward fuselage and tail is the Government of the Sudan registration number. The Panel confirmed with the Government of Kazakhstan (whose civil aviation aircraft use the prefix “UN”) that there has never been an aircraft registered UN-26563 in Kazakhstan. The Panel obtained documentation from the Russian Federation (whose civil aviation aircraft use the prefix “RA”) that an AN-26 aircraft registered RA-26563, with the serial number 3506, was sold to AZZA Transport in the Sudan in March 2004.
202. The Government of the Republic of the Sudan submitted a letter to the Security Council Committee dated 12 April 2007 in response to two previous letters from the Committee regarding violations of Security Council resolution 1591 (2005). That letter acknowledged that the white aircraft bearing registration number 7705 is indeed an aircraft of the Government of the Sudan. This was confirmed in
meetings that the Panel held with representatives of SAF in El Fasher and Khartoum. The Government of the Sudan stated in its letter that it “has never been
the case [that the aircraft was for use in military activity in Darfur] … and … that it is an ordinary transport aircraft …”.
203. Through its field investigations, interviews and recording of eyewitness accounts the Panel has established that the Government of the Republic of the Sudan has used white Antonov aircraft — most likely originally intended as commercial/civilian-use aircraft — in military operations since March 2005. For
example, in a meeting with the Western Military Area Commander, Mohamed al-Tahir al-Aharif, in El Fasher in early May 2007, the Western Military Area
Commander stated that white Antonov aircraft had been used to drop bombs on one occasion: on 7 October 2006. When the Panel requested clarification of this admission from SAF Central Command in Khartoum (on 20 May 2007), the Western Military Area Commander said that he originally meant that the Antonov aircraft were used for military reconnaissance, not aerial bombardments. In either case, these statements contradict the assertions of the Government of the Sudan in its letter to the Committee.
204. Eyewitness statements gathered by the Panel of Experts confirm the use of white Antonov aircraft in conducting aerial bombardments. For example, between 19 and 30 April 2007, white Antonov aircraft were used to conduct aerial bombardments in locations in Northern Darfur (including Umm Rai). During this period, Mi-24 military attack helicopters were also employed in conducting air-toground
strikes. The Panel visited the area of Umm Rai on 10 May 2007 and conducted its own primary investigations into the attacks.
205. During a meeting with representatives from SAF Central Command in Khartoum on 20 May, the Panel expressed its strong interest in viewing the
Government of the Sudan white Antonov aircraft registration number 7705 to confirm the “UN” markings on the upper-port wing. The representatives from SAF mentioned that the plane was in Nyala, Southern Darfur. The Panel made several attempts, through SAF and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to organize such a viewing in a convenient location, and Panel members made themselves available during a visit to Nyala between 24 and 28 May 2007 to view the aircraft. The Government of the Sudan finally facilitated inspection of the aircraft by members of the Panel of Experts in Khartoum on 27 August 2007. The Panel’s inspection of the aircraft registered No. 7705 revealed that it had recently been repainted, and any trace of registration numbers on the upper aspect of the wings had been thoroughly removed prior to repainting. The Panel was able to confirm from the aircraft’s logbook that this aircraft’s serial number is 3506, showing it to be the same aircraft as the one previously registered in the Russian Federation.
206. The Panel requested, on numerous occasions since January 2007, a meeting with the director of SAF to discuss issues related to the use of aircraft for military purposes in Darfur. The Government of the Sudan has, as of the time of writing this report, not facilitated that meeting.
207. The use of Antonov aircraft in aerial bombardments has been acknowledged by representatives of the Government of the Republic of the Sudan themselves. The following example is a case in point. An African Union Ceasefire Commission ceasefire violation report found that ground attacks in Deim Bishara in December 2006 were followed by aerial bombardment by a Government of the Sudan aircraft.
208. The SAF aircraft bearing registration No. 7705 was observed on the military apron at the Khartoum International Airport on 21 June 2007 with the 26563
registration number and “UN” marking removed (see fig. 21).
209.The Panel reported in March 2007 the existence of three AN-26 aircraft with the same registration number, ST-ZZZ. The first aircraft had “SAF” and a small Sudanese flag painted below the cockpit and was seen on the military apron at El Fasher Airport. The second aircraft was at El Fasher Airport, having crashed there, and the third, without a SAF marking, was observed by the Panel at the Khartoum
International Airport. The Sudanese Civil Aviation Authority informed the Panel on 24 January 2007 that no more than one aircraft could have the same registration number and that registration numbers are not reassigned if the aircraft becomes unserviceable or is decommissioned. Subsequent to that meeting, the registration number of the crashed AN-26 was removed. At a meeting with the Director General of the Civil Aviation Authority on 17 July 2007, he stated that there was no AN-26 in the inventory of Sudanese registered aircraft with the registration number ST-ZZZ.
210.The Panel believes that the white SAF AN-26 registered ST-ZZZ currently operating in Darfur has been fraudulently marked with a civil aviation registration number apparently without the authorization of the Sudanese Civil Aviation Authority..."
3 October 2007
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